Causes and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) occur when external forces cause damage to the brain. This force can result from a sudden blow, jolt, or head penetration, disrupting normal brain function. TBIs can be mild or severe and have short-term and long-term effects on physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning. According to the CDC, falls cause half of all TBI-related hospitalizations. Locally, there were approximately 19.2 deaths attributed to traumatic brain injuries for every 100,000 people in Orange County in 2022. TBIs are serious injuries that can have lifelong effects resulting in permanent injuries or death. Learn more about the symptoms and causes of TBIs below.

If you or a loved one has suffered from a TBI, contact a traumatic brain injury lawyer to file a claim and get compensation for your expenses and injuries.

Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Sudden jolts, blows, or object penetration into the skull cause TBIs. Here are the common causes of TBIs:

Car Accidents

One of the most common causes of TBIs in young adults is car crashes. Rapid acceleration, deceleration, or a sudden change in direction (such as crashing into an object at a high rate of speed or swerving to avoid a road obstruction) can cause a TBI. Since the brain isn’t attached to the skull (it’s surrounded by fluid that acts as a cushion), any jolt or action could thrust the brain against the skull and cause severe injuries.

Slip and Falls 

Falls are the most common cause of traumatic brain injuries for adults 65 or older. When this type of slip or fall occurs due to a third party’s negligence, you should contact a traumatic brain injury lawyer to see if you’re entitled to compensation.

Sports-Related Injuries 

Body-on-body contact sports such as football or wrestling can also cause TBIs. TBIs can be caused by forceful falls during games or practice, repetitive head impacts over a long period of time, or projectiles (such as baseballs traveling at high speeds) coming in contact with the head.

Assaults and Violence

Violent assaults with guns or weapons are another common cause of traumatic brain injuries.

Workplace Injuries

Workplace injuries are another cause of TBIs, especially for professions in construction and manufacturing where heavy machinery is used.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

There are several types of TBIs. Here are the common types of traumatic brain injuries:


Concussions are mild TBIs that are often caused by a sudden bump, blow, or jolt, resulting in temporary disruption of brain function. Concussions affect a wider area of the brain than other types of TBIs.

Cerebral Contusion

A cerebral contusion is bruising inside your brain caused by a direct impact. Contusions are focused on a localized area of the skull


Penetrating injuries occur when an object punctures the skull and enters the brain tissue, causing severe damage to specific areas of the brain.

Diffuse Axonal Injury

A diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is caused by the brain rapidly shifting or rotating in the skull, resulting in widespread damage to nerves called axons. This injury typically occurs due to strong rotational forces, such as those experienced in high-speed accidents, falls, or severe sports-related injuries. DAIs are characterized by widespread damage throughout the brain’s white matter.

Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injuries: What to Look For

TBIs are severe injuries that can be life-threatening depending on the severity. It’s essential to seek emergency medical attention if you or a loved one have been involved in an accident that could have resulted in a traumatic brain injury. While symptoms vary depending on the injury type and level of severity, TBI symptoms can include:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Nausasa
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Confusion
  • Memory problems
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Coma
  • Seizures
  • Numbness in legs and arms
  • Slurred speech
  • Pupil dilation

Documenting a Traumatic Brain Injury

Prompt medical attention is crucial following a suspected traumatic brain injury to assess the extent of the damage and begin appropriate treatment. Keep records of all medical examinations, visits, diagnoses, and tests. You should also keep track of your expenses, such as hospital visits, medical equipment, and home-related services. This documentation will be critical when you seek compensation for your injuries when talking to a traumatic brain injury lawyer.

Traumatic Brain Injuries and Car Accidents

Your health and well-being come first. Even if you think your injuries aren’t serious, seeking medical attention as soon as possible is vital. Symptoms of a TBI may not appear immediately, so getting a thorough check-up from a healthcare professional, particularly one who knows how to identify and treat TBIs, is important. Keep track of all your medical treatments, including doctor visits, hospital stays, tests, prescribed medications, and therapy sessions. If possible, photograph your visible injuries and damage to your vehicle.

Once you’ve received medical attention, you want to contact your insurance company to open a claim. You may also wish to consult with a traumatic brain injury lawyer, like our team at the Badgley Law Group. We’ll review the details of your case, advise you of your legal rights, and help you get fair compensation for your injuries and medical expenses.

Traumatic Brain Injury Lawyer in Orlando

If you or someone you love has suffered a traumatic brain injury because of someone else’s negligence, you may be entitled to receive compensation for your losses. As a traumatic brain injury lawyer, our primary goal is to help accident victims and their families receive the compensation they deserve. We work with a network of medical experts to build a strong case and help establish liability. You may be able to receive compensation for various losses, including pain and suffering, lost wages, and medical bills. Our legal team is dedicated to helping you recover the compensation you deserve. Contact the Badgley Law Group at 407-781-0420 for a free consultation to discuss your case.

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